Project

21st Century High-Resolution Climate Projections for Guam and American Samoa

Project Summary

Affiliation(s): Pacific Islands CSC

Principal Investigator(s):
  • Yuqing Wang (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i at Manoa)
  • Kevin Hamilton (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i)
  • Alex Lauer (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i)
  • H. Annamalai (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i)

While home to many people and a rich diversity of unique plant and animal life, the U.S. territories of Guam and American Samoa are especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change because of their small size, geographical remoteness, and exposure to threats such as sea-level rise and increased storm surge. Developing predictions of future conditions is often the first step in helping decision makers and communities plan for change. However, to date, available global climate models have been too coarse in resolution to be useful for planning in the context of small, isolated islands.

This project produced the first-ever set of high-resolution climate projections for Guam and American Samoa, providing information on key variables of interest to decision makers such as rainfall, air temperature, and tropical cyclone patterns. Modeling results suggest that both territories are expected to become warmer and experience a higher number of extreme rainfall events through the current century. In addition, American Samoa is projected to become wetter overall, with a mean rainfall increase of up to 25 percent by the late 21st century, and Guam may be subject to a higher frequency of strong tropical cyclones. These data will be used by other researchers to inform hydrological and ecosystem models and, ultimately, aid local decision makers as they plan for climate change impacts and seek to reduce risk through effective adaptation.

Cetti Bay, Guam - Public Domain

Affiliation(s): Pacific Islands CSC

Principal Investigator(s):
  • Yuqing Wang (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i at Manoa)
  • Kevin Hamilton (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i)
  • Alex Lauer (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i)
  • H. Annamalai (International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawai`i)

Start Date: September 2012

End Date: September 2015

Project Status: Completed

Tags: extreme events, climate modeling, Science Project, CSC, Pacific Islands CSC, 2012, Education, Modeling and Tools, Climate and Ecosystem Modeling

Fiscal Year: FY 2012 Projects

Publications & Other

  • Dynamical Downscaling of the Climate for the Hawaiian Islands. Part I: Present Day

      • Dynamical Downscaling of the Climate for the Hawaiian Islands. Part II: Projection for the Late Twenty-First Century

          • Monitoring and projecting snow on Hawaii Island

              • Project Final Report - 21st Century High-Resolution Climate Projections for Guam and American Samoa

                • PICSC Final Report Wang DD_Guam&Tutuila 2016 11 17.pdf (Download)
                  • Project Snapshot: "21st Century High-Resolution Climate Projections for Guam and American Samoa"

                    • PICSC_ResearchFeature_Wang_DownscaleGuamSamoaClimate.pdf (Download)

                    Data